Showing posts from November, 2019


Image by Clarasaragih - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0 Prambanan is one of the largest Hindu temples in Indonesia. Nobody knows exactly when and by whom the temple was founded. It is strongly believed that the temple was built by King Balitung Maha Sambu of Wangsa Sanjaya dynasty. The assumption is based on the Syiwagrha inscription that was discovered at the location of Prambanan temple. The inscription, which has the year mark of 778 Saka (856 AD), was created in the reign of King Rakai Pikatan. In those days, Prambanan was the grand temple where important and religious ceremonies were held. Hundreds of monks and their disciples studied Vedas at this magnificent temple. Mpu Sindok, the king of Medang Mataram, moved the capital city to East Java in 930 AD. Therefore, Prambanan temple was abandoned and forgotten. After the capital city was moved, Prambanan temple lacked maintenance and it became progressively worse. Besides, the earthquake also ruined the temple. In 16th century, a